org.mockito
Class ArgumentCaptor<T>

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.mockito.ArgumentCaptor<T>

public class ArgumentCaptor<T>
extends java.lang.Object

Use it to capture argument values for further assertions.

Mockito verifies argument values in natural java style: by using an equals() method. This is also the recommended way of matching arguments because it makes tests clean & simple. In some situations though, it is helpful to assert on certain arguments after the actual verification. For example:

   ArgumentCaptor<Person> argument = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(Person.class);
   verify(mock).doSomething(argument.capture());
   assertEquals("John", argument.getValue().getName());
 

Warning: it is recommended to use ArgumentCaptor with verification but not with stubbing. Using ArgumentCaptor with stubbing may decrease test readability because captor is created outside of assert (aka verify or 'then') block. Also it may reduce defect localization because if stubbed method was not called then no argument is captured.

In a way ArgumentCaptor is related to custom argument matchers (see javadoc for ArgumentMatcher class). Both techniques can be used for making sure certain arguments where passed to mocks. However, ArgumentCaptor may be a better fit if:

Custom argument matchers via ArgumentMatcher are usually better for stubbing.

There is an annotation that you might find useful: @Captor

See the full documentation on Mockito in javadoc for Mockito class.


Constructor Summary
ArgumentCaptor()
          Deprecated. Please use factory method forClass(Class) to create captors

This is required to avoid NullPointerExceptions when autoUnboxing primitive types. See issue 99.

Example:

   ArgumentCaptor<Person> argument = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(Person.class);
   verify(mock).doSomething(argument.capture());
   assertEquals("John", argument.getValue().getName());
 
 
Method Summary
 T capture()
          Use it to capture the argument.
static
<T> ArgumentCaptor<T>
forClass(java.lang.Class<T> clazz)
           
 java.util.List<T> getAllValues()
          Returns all captured values.
 T getValue()
          Returns the captured value of the argument.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

ArgumentCaptor

@Deprecated
public ArgumentCaptor()
Deprecated. Please use factory method forClass(Class) to create captors

This is required to avoid NullPointerExceptions when autoUnboxing primitive types. See issue 99.

Example:

   ArgumentCaptor<Person> argument = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(Person.class);
   verify(mock).doSomething(argument.capture());
   assertEquals("John", argument.getValue().getName());
 

Method Detail

capture

public T capture()
Use it to capture the argument. This method must be used inside of verification.

Internally, this method registers a special implementation of an ArgumentMatcher. This argument matcher stores the argument value so that you can use it later to perform assertions.

See examples in javadoc for ArgumentCaptor class.

Returns:
null

getValue

public T getValue()
Returns the captured value of the argument.

If the method was called multiple times then it returns the latest captured value

See examples in javadoc for ArgumentCaptor class.

Returns:
captured argument value

getAllValues

public java.util.List<T> getAllValues()
Returns all captured values. Use it in case the verified method was called multiple times.

Example:

   ArgumentCaptor<Person> peopleCaptor = ArgumentCaptor.forClass(Person.class);
   verify(mock, times(2)).doSomething(peopleCaptor.capture());
   
   List<Person> capturedPeople = peopleCaptor.getAllValues();
   assertEquals("John", capturedPeople.get(0).getName());
   assertEquals("Jane", capturedPeople.get(1).getName());
 
See more examples in javadoc for ArgumentCaptor class.

Returns:
captured argument value

forClass

public static <T> ArgumentCaptor<T> forClass(java.lang.Class<T> clazz)